Orphaned at an early age, was picked up by the famous Hospice of the poor of Giovinazzo in Bari , where he had the rudiments of education and education and learned the first elements of the design. He escaped from there, after much wandering , absolutely without resources , was able to allogarsi as an apprentice at ornamentisti and decorators who soon took advantage of his talent and his skills as a designer spiccatissime . Persecuted by the Bourbon government , who accused him of conspiracy, he was confined in Piedimonte d’Alife for eighteen months during which to live, he painted ” Madonna ” and ” Saints” , and portraits commessigli from noble families of the place . Expelled the Bourbons returned to Naples , and came to the Exhibition with ” Erminia the Rate “, which was awarded a silver medal. It was this unexpected success that led the Toma to perfect , to tidy up his studies to deepen their own culture. Painter delicate and modest remained outside the movement innovator of the painting that appeared in 800. He used an art of its own staff, which is not derived from any school, and of which he used to express your feelings suffused with sweet melancholy . Besides the already mentioned ” Erminia of Tasso ,” painted “A tortured Inquisition ” , exhibited in Paris and the third promoter Napoletana , and purchased by the Municipality of Naples ; ” Mass in the house ,” ” The feast day of the teacher ” ; ” the confession of the priest ,” “The wheel of foundlings ,” one of the most beautiful and evocative paintings of Thomas, in the Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Rome, “The Kiss of the grandmother ,” ” the nuns in the chorus ” ; ” the priest reactionary , “” The rain of ashes of Vesuvius ” , a magnificent painting of the terrible disaster that struck Naples in 1872 , awarded and purchased for the Gallery of Modern Art in Florence, where it still stands ,” The Sanfelice in prison ” , which is found in the Gallery of Modern Art in Rome ( another edition is in the collection Att. Giussani Camillo di Milano ), ” a novel in the convent ” (Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Rome ), ” Viaticum alI’orfana ” (Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Rome ) :” In the civil state ” ( comp , also in the Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Rome ),” The board of the blind ” , preserved by his son ing. Gustavo , ” portrait” , powerful design and vigorous expression , placed after the author’s death in the Uffizi Gallery ; also family portraits, landscapes Puglia and Naples, and numerous sketches . At the Museum of Liège houses a painting called ” Woman in the morning .” Gioacchino Toma that cruel persecutions Bourbon conspirators had become one of the most hard- fought in 1860 , animated by holy ardor, in the legions of Garibaldi. He taught with passion in design school for the workers, founded by him on behalf of the Government of Naples , and in the Institute of Fine Arts in that city. In 1922 on the initiative of Salvatore di Giacomo Naples honored the memory of one of the greatest painters of the nineteenth century Neapolitan , inaugurating an exhibition of the most significant works of the deceased. Since that time the art of Gioacchino Toma began his ascension to stand in a decade at the top of Italian painting of the nineteenth century. It was mainly manufacturer of ‘internal’ . Each of his paintings creates an architectural vision of space in a perfect perspective with environmental elements luministic highly suggestive .